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Strained Patellar Tendon and Patellar Pain

A strained patellar tendon, also known as patellar tendinitis or "jumper's knee," is a common injury among athletes, particularly those involved in jumping sports like basketball or volleyball. This condition is characterized by inflammation and pain in the patellar tendon, which connects the kneecap (patella) to the shinbone (tibia).

Here are some general steps you can take to manage and recover from a strained patellar tendon. However, it's important to consult with a healthcare professional or physical therapist for a personalized treatment plan.

  1. Rest: Avoid activities that cause pain, especially jumping and running. This allows the tendon to heal.

  2. Ice: Apply ice to the knee for 15-20 minutes at a time, several times a day, especially after activity. This can help reduce inflammation and pain.

  3. Compression: Use a compression bandage or a patellar tendon strap to help support the knee and reduce swelling.

  4. Elevation: Try to elevate your knee when you're sitting or lying down to help reduce swelling.

  5. Pain relievers: Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, can help reduce pain and inflammation.

  6. Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee and improve flexibility, which can help relieve stress on the patellar tendon. Eccentric exercises, which involve lengthening the muscle under tension, are particularly beneficial.

  7. Gradual return to activity: Once the pain has subsided, gradually return to your normal activities. Avoid jumping back into intense activity too quickly, as this can lead to re-injury.

In severe cases, or if conservative treatments don't provide relief, medical interventions such as corticosteroid injections, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections, or surgery may be considered. Always consult with a healthcare professional for advice tailored to your specific condition and needs.

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